Böcker av intresse inom området befolkningsproblematik

Sörlin, S. och Öckerman, A. (1998): ”Jorden en Ö, en global miljöhistoria” ISBN 91-27-07093-X.

Också vår livsmiljö har en historia. Insikten om att miljön är en nyckelfaktor i alla samhällen och kulturer ökar. Miljöhistoria snuddar vid många ämnen: geografi, etnologi, historia, idéhistoria och ekonomisk historia. Jorden en ö är den första boken på svenska i ämnet.

Miljöhistoria är en ny riktning inom historieskrivningen. Den har uppstått ur den växande insikten att miljön är en nyckelfaktor i alla samhällen och kulturer. Medvetandet om att också vår livsmiljö har en historia växte fram i USA på 1970-talet och slog sedan rot i Frankrike genom den s k Annales-skolan.

Bokens första kapitel – Öar, Landskap, Städer – handlar om historiska förlopp i miljön, om omvandlingen av det globala landskapet genom årtusenden, den globala trafiken av grödor, djur, sjukdomar och människor, om lokala kollapser av ekosystem och försörjningen i Etiopien, Mexiko och Danmark, uthålligt bruk av skog i Japan genom århundradena, om städernas tillväxt och miljöpåverkan, från de kinesiska dynastiernas brandskattning av undersåtarna och deras miljö till millenieskiftets Los Angeles år 2000 där det författarna kallar ”rädslans ekologi” härskar bland miljondollarvillorna i Malibu och Bel Air.

De följande kapitlen – Problemen, Medvetandet, Historien – handlar om hur miljön hanterats i samhället och hur den formats i människors tankar och idéer. Här diskuteras inte bara miljöproblemens och resurshanteringens historia och miljörörelsens utveckling utan också religion, etik, naturskydd och politik. Här behandlas också den fråga som kanske är allra mest brännande i den miljöhistoriska forskningen: Är idén att bevara naturen en skapelse av kulturen? Är den rent av en idé skapad av industrisamhällets värderingar? Och i så fall, vad ska vi bevara? Kan vi välja natur? Eller vet naturen alltid bäst själv?

Jorden en ö är den första boken på svenska skriven direkt för svenska läsare om ämnet miljöhistoria. Miljöhistoria snuddar vid många ämnen: geografi, etnologi, historia, idéhistoria och ekonomisk historia men även inom jordbruks- och skogsutbildningar börjar man mer och mer studera vår miljös historia.

Robinson, W. C.; Ross, J. A. (2007): The global family planning revolution: three decades of population policies and programs.(The World Bank). This book was conceived with the conviction that the historic emergence of national family planning programs should be brought back to the world’s attention. As a new social instrument to address a new social problem, the family planning program swept much of the developing world in the 1960s. We felt that the memory of this vital experience was in danger of being lost; it deserved to be captured in a definitive fashion, partly for young people unaware of the programs’ origins, partly for the historical record, and partly for lessons that apply to other spheres of concern. The story of the appearance, for the first time in human history, of organized national programs devoted to the challenge of excessive and unwanted fertility should not be lost but should be mined for the lessons those programs might teach. This collection of essays was undertaken to answer that need. The years just after 1960 saw the appearance of a new fertility determinant— organized actions by whole societies to bring birthrates down to match falling death rates, and to ease the accompanying dislocations faced by educational, medical, economic, housing, and family system institutions, and others. Those actions were also meant to give women greater control over their own childbearing, and to relieve families from the unexpected burdens of raising more surviving children than in the past. The two results together, societal benefits and personal benefits, flowed from programs based on new contraceptive technologies that could be deployed to whole populations. This book sets forth the stories of those social and technological breakthroughs as they emerged in very diverse country circumstances.

Engelman, Robert (2008) Island Press USA “More, population, Nature and What Woman Want” In the capital of Ghana, a teenager nicknamed ”Condom Sister” trolls the streets to educate other young people about contraception. Her work and her own aspirations point to a remarkable shift not only in the West African nation, where just a few decades ago women had nearly seven children on average, but around the globe. While world population continues to grow, family size keeps dropping in countries as…

Wijkman, A. & Rockström, J. (2011) Medströms Bokförlag ” Den stora förnekelsen” Varför är det så svårt för samhället att hantera miljö- och klimatkrisen? Varför händer så lite? Vi fortsätter att leva med myten om den eviga materiella tillväxten – som om jordens tillgångar vore oändliga. Vi lånar av framtiden, av våra barn och barnbarn. När naturresurserna förslösas redovisas det som ökat välstånd i ett lands räkenskaper. Men allt kan inte mätas i pengar. Vi behöver en ny metod att mäta välfärd, en ny ekonomisk modell och ett annat sätt att tänka och agera. Anders Wijkman och Johan Rockström tillhör Sveriges internationellt mest kända namn inom klimat- och miljöfrågor. De kombinerar politisk kunskap, erfarenheter av internationella förhandlingar, vetskap om forskning och om maktförhållanden – till en berättelse om allt som måste ske om vi inte ska förstöra miljön och därmed även ekonomin.

Boisen, L.A. & Norrman, K-E. (2012) Bokförlaget Nya Doxa ”Färre människor på jorden!” När den sydafrikanske människorättskämpen, Nelson Mandela, föddes, hade jorden mindre än 2 miljarder invånare. I dag, på hans ålders höst, har vi blivit drygt 7 miljarder, varav 2 miljarder utfattiga. Ingen enskild faktor spelar en större roll för slitaget av vår planet, rovdriften på våra naturresurser och arternas utdöende än den pågående befolkningsexplosionen.

Hengeveld, Rob (2012) University of Chicago Press ”Wasted world, how our consumption challenges the planet” All systems produce waste as part of a cycle—bacteria, humans, combustion engines, even one as large and complex as a city. To some extent, this waste can be absorbed, processed, or recycled—though never completely. In Wasted World, Rob Hengeveld reveals how a long history of human consumption has left our world drowning in this waste. This is a compelling and urgent work that traces the related histories of population growth and resource consumption.

Weisman, A. (2013) Little Brown and Company “Countdown. Our last, best hope for a future on Earth?” Allan Weisman traveled to more than 20 countries to ask what experts agreed were probably the most important questions on Earth–and also the hardest: How many humans can the planet hold without capsizing? How robust must the Earth’s ecosystem be to assure our continued existence? Can we know which other species are essential to our survival? And, how might we actually arrive at a stable, optimum population, and design an economy to allow genuine prosperity without endless growth? Weisman visits an extraordinary range of the world’s cultures, religions, nationalities, tribes, and political systems to learn what in their beliefs, histories, liturgies, or current circumstances might suggest that sometimes it’s in their own best interest to limit their growth. The result is a landmark work of reporting: devastating, urgent, and, ultimately, deeply hopeful.”

Foreman, D. (2014) LiveTrue Books “Man swarm: how overpopulation is killing the wild world.” Now at over seven billion and counting, renowned visionary conservationist and global thinker Dave Foreman helps us understand that only by stabilizing and reducing human population can we stop wrecking our home – Earth

Butler, Tom, Aminata Toure, William N Ryerson, Eileen Crist, (2015) GOFF BOOKS “Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot”. Every problem facing humanity, from poverty to violent conflict over resources, is exacerbated by a ballooning human population – and so is every problem facing nature, including ecosystem loss, species extinctions, and climate chaos. But why is the demographic explosion and its effects ignored by policymakers and the media? (Finns kvar på amazon)

Conly, S. (2016) Oxford University Press “One child: do we have a right to more?” Sarah Conly argues that at present we do not have the right to have more than one child. We do not need to have more than one to live a good life, and having more than one when we are at risk of depleting our environmental resources is simply too dangerous to others.

von Weizsäcker, E.U. & Wijkman, A. (2018) Springer-Verlag New York Inc “Come On”. This book is full of optimistic case studies and policy proposals that will lead us back to a trajectory of sustainability. But it is also necessary to address the taboo topic of population increase. Countries with a stable population fare immensely better than those with continued increase.

Persson, Björn (2018) Fri Tanke “The Real Owners of the Planet” Att säkerställa djurens överlevnad är en av de viktigaste frågorna i modern tid. Afrikas vilda djur har funnits på planeten långt innan människan. Några av dem är mer än 50 miljoner år gamla, och den första människan tog sina första steg på jorden för bara 190 000 år sedan. Bara under 1900-talet har vi lyckats utrota nästan 500 djurarter.

Mann, Charles C. (2019) Pan MacMillan “The Wizard and the Prophet: Science and the Future of Our Planet” In forty years, the population of the Earth will reach ten billion. Can our world support so many people? What kind of world will it be? In this unique, original and important book, Charles C. Mann illuminates the four great challenges we face – food, water, energy, climate change – through an exploration of the crucial work and wide-ranging influence of two little-known twentieth-century scientists, Norman Borlaug and William Vogt.

Christopher Kevin Tucker (2019) Atlas Observatory Press ”A Planet of 3 Billion ” The world is a pretty big place. 36 billion acres of land, three times that on the ocean surface and everything on it and below it make up our living planet. Can one organism become so prolific, so dominant that it can alter such an enormous environment to the point that it threatens not only its own existence but pretty much all other existing life? Tucker postulates that a planet of 3 billion homo sapiens may keep us within those boundaries and allow us and other species to flourish indefinitely. The sooner we acknowledge everything has a limit, including our own species, the less suffering there will be for all life on this planet.

Mathis Wackernagel and Bert Beyers (2019) New Society Publishers ”Ecological Footprint, Managing Our Biocapacity Budget” The only metric that tracks how much nature we have – and how much nature we use Ecological Footprint accounting, first introduced in the 1990s and continuously developed, continues to be the only metric that compares overall human demand on nature with what our planet can renew – its biocapacity – and distils this into one number: how many Earths we use. Our economy is running a Bernie Madoff-style Ponzi scheme with the planet. We use future resources to run the present, using more than Earth can replenish. Like any such scheme, this works for a limited time, followed by a crash. Avoiding ecological bankruptcy requires rigorous resource accounting – a challenging task, but doable with the right tools. Ecological Footprint provides a complete introduction, covering: Footprint and biocapacity accounting Data and key findings for nations Worldwide examples including businesses, cities, and countries Strategies for creating regenerative economies Whether you’re a student, business leader, future-oriented city planner, economist, or have an abiding interest in humanity’s future, Footprint and biocapacity are key parameters to be reckoned with and Ecological Footprint is your essential guide.

Howell, Izi (2020) Franklin Watts Ltd “Ecographics: Overpopulation” A powerful look at the global crisis of overpopulation Earth’s population is growing at the rate of 1 billion people every 15 years. This unprecedented growth puts a massive strain on the resources our planet can supply, and many people go hungry or do not have clean water to drink. Can we find a way to balance healthy population growth with taking care of our unique planet – before it’s too late?

Baker, Niki R.  (2020) ISBN: 9781912946112 Burning Chair Ltd ”10:59” An apocalyptic thriller about ao overpopulation.  As she said an interview –it-has turned into a passionate desire to get people thinking and talking about the greatest taboo of our time: overpopulation. The author wrote this book two years before COVID-19, but you’ll be forgiven for thinking that she wrote it very recently.

EASAC – the European Academies’ Science Advisory Council (2020)  Reports and statements Environment 2020-10-29 “Towards a sustainable future: transformative change and post-COVID-19 priorities, A Perspective by EASAC’s Environment Programme” https://easac.eu/publications/details/towards-a-sustainable-future-transformative-change-and-post-covid-19-priorities/